The quality of the hay depends to a great extent on the way it is cured. Cut the oat hay with a windrower or sickle mower. Two general types of red clover grown in Ontario. Note: while it is possible to make dry hay from red clover, it is often challenging. It can come from many different crops. When infested red clover is mowed and dried for hay, the hay then becomes contaminated. For livestock feed, red clover can be grown as full-sized plants and used for hay, or broadcast and used for grazing. Thus, you are opening a wider window for hay crop harvest. Single Cut Red Clover can produce up to 90 lb. On light soils in dry districts autumn sowings perform better as these will have well established roots capable of better growth in dry seasons. Double cut clover tends to be more aggressive starting, and will grow and flower the first year, producing knee-high vegetation after wheat harvest. There is a difference between single and double cut red clover. Browse latest Medic and Balansa Hay, Rye Hay, Clover Hay and more and Clovers for Forage Gary Bates, Associate Professor, Plant and Soil Science originally developed by Joe Burns, Professor Emeritus, Plant and Soil Science mall grain crops are widely used in Tennessee for pasture, silage and hay. Suited to high rainfall with a good proportion of it during summer. Good idea to give it a test run on some old hay out of a barn just to see if it works ok. It can tolerate poorly drained and slightly acidic soils and has good seeding vigor. The clover establishes easily, adapts to most soils, fits well into rotations with other crops, and is an excellent pasture crop when grown with an adapted grass. Ensiling . When using an herbicide, be sure to carefully follow all grazing and harvesting restrictions and other information stated on the herbicide label. On a dry sandy soil, it may only need cutting twice in the season. Hay isn’t a plant. Red clover provides an important source of nectar to native bumble bees, which are known to be better pollinators of red clover than honey bees. Graze or cut for hay when the red clover is ¼ to ½ in bloom. It is used mainly for frost seeded winter wheat or planted under spring grain. Red clover, in most pasture systems, behaves as a short-lived perennial and must be reseeded every two or three years unless it’s allowed to mature and produce viable seed. Unlike most other legumes (especially alfalfa), red clover is quite shade tolerant, which is why it is a favorite for frost seeding into existing perennial pastures and even winter wheat. It is better suited for hay production than other clovers because it grows upright and late into the season. Hes my dad so he wont listen to his son. Smothering can result if a great deal of fall growth is left over winter (because of red clover's large stems and leaves). The non-native honey bee, with a shorter proboscis, can not reach the nectar in the long flowers of red clover, so they will go to other flowers if available. If cut late, the stems become woody, lose their palatability and the general value is considerably lessened. Pigs may also be fed hay, but they do not digest it as efficiently as ruminants. I know some people who are afraid to actually cut the clover, but doing it is actually beneficial to the plant and keeps it at a height that wildlife actually prefer. Cut later, it loses palatability. Clover, especially red clover, takes longer to dry than other forage species. Red clover stands that are one year old or older should be cut three or four times in a season. The red clover should be cut while in full bloom before the blosoms start to turn brown. Red clover should be cut regularly when it reaches a height of 30cm. My dad for example wont brushhog less than 1' because he doesnt want to "kill" the clover. Performs best in cool coastal and tablelands areas. The main feature is greater top growth and N fixation or use for fall grazing, hay, etc. A firm, weed-free seedbed is essential. RED CLOVER Trifolium pratense Also called: medium red clover (multi-cut, early blooming, June clover); mammoth clover (singlecut, late blooming, Michigan red) Type: short-lived perennial, biennial or winter annual legume Roles: N source, soil builder, weed suppressor, insectary crop, forage Mix with: small grains, sweetclover, corn, soybeans, vegetables, grass forages See charts, p. 66 to 72 White Clover. Red Clover- Red clover is a short lived perennial legume but has several advantages. The re-growth of this legume was considerable. So I would still feed some alfalfa pellets to supplement, alfalfa simply has more protein than clover. Harvesting Established Red Clover Stand. Buy and sell Clover Hay on Farm Tender, Australia's premier agricultural market place. Apply as recommended by soil tests. It is a good option for frost seeding, so in the next month, we can spread this seed on pastures or hay fields. Red clover (Trifolium pratense) is a short-lived perennial that can last 2 to 3 years. What can I do to avoid these problems? Both of these farm implements will cut the crop adequately, while the windrower deposits the cut oats into a single continuous storage pile along the field. I would estimate that during that time the intake of red clover was never less than 50 percent. These crops produce high-quality forage during the fall, winter and spring. The fields I grazed were either small pieces of straight red clover or old hay fields that had been frost-seeded with this legume and then harvested. Graze or cut for hay when the red clover is ¼ to ½ in bloom. You dads know how that works. Leave at least 2 to 3 inches of growth after each harvest. Phosphorus and potash are the fertilizer elements needed mostly by red clover. Seeding vigor is important because it can stretch out or improve stands. Allow clover more time to dry when using it for hay. Red Clover has its highest feeding value when in full bloom and should be cut for hay before the heads begin to turn brown. Similar findings were noted in Illinois and Indiana. If cut earlier, it is more difficult to cure. Tall fescue grows in most Tennessee hay fields, but alfalfa, ryegrass, barley, bermudagrass, rye, wheat, oats, clover, orchardgrass, sorghum, pearl millet, timothy, or a mix of grasses and cereals are common. Red clover that is seeded with a companion crop can usually be harvested only once during the establishment year, between mid-August and mid-September. Typically, red clover is harvested in a 2-cut system with the first cut taken at 20% bloom or later, when yield is greatest. Step 3 Check the moisture content of the oat hay. Clovers are best cut for hay when in full bloom. With really sunny breezy days you can bale it the third day. Unlike alfalfa, red clover tolerates slightly more acid and wetter soils. We have about a 10 acre plot of orchard grass and we are considering over seeding some white clover into this field this year for some added protein value. I cut back 1/3 of my alfalfa pellets and my goats did well. Red clover has feed value equal to or exceeding alfalfa cut at the same time. (July 22, 2015) Use an herbicide if you want to remove clover from your pasture or hay field. Balers can be a problem. When it dries, those hairs can be sticky and cause itching when handled.” A short-lived perennial, red clover has traditionally been susceptible to a number of diseases that cause it to die out after two or three years. This discussion is oriented toward haylage and pasture systems. The Best Time to Cut Hay. Seeding may be done with a drill or broadcast. The first harvest of red clover should be made when the field is at early bloom. The equipment you have will work fine if it functions like it should. Planting Clover in Orchard Grass - posted in Alfalfa/Hay: I am relatively new to hay farming and am looking for some expert opinions. A feeding trial in Iowa showed that soybean hay was nearly equal in value to alfalfa in terms of milk and butterfat production and one in West Virginia showed greater production from soybean hay. Given plants do not self pollinate, insects play a critical role – bumble bees are particularly effective. If you suspect that your horse has ingested contaminated red clover or has been poisoned in any other way, contact your veterinarian immediately. Single Cut Red Clover is known as a one cut Red Clover if left for hay. Soybeans cut in Kentucky when beans were 3⁄4 mature resulted n greater gain than when cut later. Hay is grass, legumes, or other herbaceous plants that have been cut and dried to be stored for use as animal fodder, particularly for large grazing animals raised as livestock, such as cattle, horses, donkeys, goats, and sheep.However, it is also fed to smaller domesticated animals such as rabbits and guinea pigs. Single Cut is always used for a plowdown Cover Crop Red Clover. This legume is often used in grass mixtures predominantly for a cutting regime. How to sow. Red clover is widely grown for hay and pasture in Kentucky. Harvesting in drought conditions will also thin stands. It is almost always grown with a companion, cool season grass such as tall fescue, orchardgrass, or timothy. A second cutting or successive grazing should occur when red clover is ¼ in bloom. Red clover mixtures can be undersown in an arable crop, or after harvest provided there is enough time for the plants to develop sufficiently prior to winter cold. Faster establishing than alfalfa. Conversely on a fertile soil in a warm wet summer, it may need cutting as frequently as once every ten days. But I tried to cut it down more and did see production come down. The first cut may be before this if there is a severe weed problem. Why and how to frost-seed clover. My field is mostly clover, yellow, white and red, also vetch. However, high producing dairy cow quality haylage should be harvested at the late bud or early (20%) bloom stage of maturity. Red Clover (Trifolium pratense) Description: A short-term (2–3 years) perennial legume. When grazing red clovers, turn livestock in when plants are 6-8″ tall and remove them when 3-4″ of the plants remain. It can be harvested a little later and still have the feed quality of alfalfa harvested earlier. If a third cut is to be taken, it should be done by mid-September. Careless handling causes the leaves to shatter. Keep lime and fertilizers (phosphorus and potash) at the proper level. If a mower is used, a farm rake is then employed to form the windrows. Harvesting red clover later impairs its feeding value but also compromises the second cut, as young shoots already elongated may be removed during the first cutting (Wheaton, 1993). Red clover seed should be inoculated. Most growth occurs in summer and autumn. Producer Question from 2015 Q: I have a lot of sweet clover in my hay fields and pastures this year. If growing for hay, sow seeds 8-10" apart and thin to approximately 12", depending on rate of growth and other factors. Best suited to well-drained, fertile, slightly acid to neutral soils. Red clover should be cut for hay when no more than 50% is in flower, when it has the optimal feeding value, with more than 14-15% protein. Fortunately, red clover seed is relatively cheap and, as mentioned previously, easily establishes by frost seeding or drilling. Dougle cut or "medium" red clover flowers in seeding year; vigorous regrowth after cutting; Single-cut or "mammoth" red clover slower growing, matures about 2 weeks later than double-cut; requires vernalization to flower, does not flower in seeding year ; more drought tolerant; Germination . If you feed a high protein grain then you may not need the alfalfa pellets however. It doesn’t serve as well as a hay product because of the pubescent hairs on the stem. Single Cut Red Clover is not as aggressive as Double Cut Red Clover. I have heard that sometimes cattle eating sweet clover, especially hay with sweet clover in it can have problems. Red clover should be reserved for well drained soils, as this legume does poorly when planted on wet soils. Back to Red Clovers. Symptoms of Red Clover Poisoning in Horses. Plant seeds ¼ to ½ inch deep. Care should be taken to eliminate or appreciably reduce bloating of livestock when grazing. 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