Saturation is a physical and chemical state where a system can take no more. Saturation can also refer to the percentage of protein binding sites that are filled or the lack of susceptibility of an organometallic compound to oxidative addition. Carr, James D. "Stoichiometry for copper dissolution in nitric acid: A comment (LTE)." 1. the act of soaking thoroughly with a liquid 2. chromatic purity: freedom from dilution with white and hence vivid in hue 3. the process of totally saturating something with a substance "the impregnation of wood with preservative" "the saturation of cotton with ether" 4. a condition in which a quantity no longer responds to some external influence Unsaturated Definition in Chemistry. Unless otherwise noted, LibreTexts content is licensed by CC BY-NC-SA 3.0. Saturated and unsaturated compounds. Temperature Effects on the Solubility of Gases, Pressure Effects On The Solubility of Gases, Temperature Effects On The Solubility of Gases. In a still solution, concentration builds at the solute surface causing higher crystallization; therefore, stirring the solution prevents the build up, maximizing the net dissolving rate. Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson/Prentice Hall, 2002. Saturated definition is - full of moisture : made thoroughly wet. Addition of solute after this point would result in a solid precipitate or gas being released. (chemistry) the stage at which a substance will receive no more of another substance in solution or in a vapor . In Figure 3.2, solid begins to crystallize as it slowly decreases the rate of dissolution. In chemistry, after studying solutions and properties of the solution, one can understand that a solution can reach a status of saturation. Toggle navigation Menu. https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Saturation+(chemistry). Saturation (biology), in mutation studies, the observed number of mutations relative to the maximum amount possible (usually undefined). the state of a ferromagnetic material that … noun. Combined with or containing all the solute that can normally be dissolved at a given temperature. Noun . This definition explains the meaning of Saturation Index and why it matters. Saturation definition: Saturation is the process or state that occurs when a place or thing is filled completely... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Definition, Synonyms, Translations of Saturation (chemistry) by The Free Dictionary Saturation (chemistry), multiple definitions for chemistry; Saturation (color), the intensity of a specific hue; Saturation (magnetic), the state when the material cannot absorb a stronger magnetic field Saturated definition is - full of moisture : made thoroughly wet. We also acknowledge previous National Science Foundation support under grant numbers 1246120, 1525057, and 1413739. See more. The LibreTexts libraries are Powered by MindTouch® and are supported by the Department of Education Open Textbook Pilot Project, the UC Davis Office of the Provost, the UC Davis Library, the California State University Affordable Learning Solutions Program, and Merlot. Che cosa è saturation? The saturation capacity, in principle, slightly decreases with temperature due to a thermal expansion of the adsorbed phase [5]. Saturated definition, soaked, impregnated, or imbued thoroughly; charged thoroughly or completely; brought to a state of saturation. Supersaturation is the driving force for crystallization and is a prerequisite before a solid phase will appear in a saturated solution. 1. the act or result of filling a thing or place completely so that no more can be added: 2. the…: Vedi di più ancora nel dizionario Inglese - Cambridge Dictionary Definition of saturation noun from the Oxford Advanced American Dictionary saturation noun. Mineral Solubility and Saturation Index. In chemistry, saturation (from the Latin word saturare, meaning to fill [1]) has diverse meanings, all based on reaching a maximum capacity.. Crystallization is the opposite, causing the solid solute to remain undissolved. The solubilities of ionic solutions increase with an increase in temperature, with the exceptions of compounds containing anions. Saturation, in this context, depends on temperature and pressure. In Figure 1.1-1.3, there is a constant amount of water in all the beakers. In other words, the solution is not saturated. Non-susceptibility of an organometallic compound to oxidative addition. saturation point in Chemistry topic From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English satuˈration ˌpoint noun [ countable usually singular] 1 a situation in which no more people or things can be added because there are already too many The number of summer tourists in the area has reached saturation point. Unsaturated Solution: A solution (with less solute than the saturated solution) that completely dissolves, leaving no remaining substances. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. In Figure 2.1-2.3, there is a constant amount of water in all the beakers. En savoir plus. Usually, raising the temperature allows a solution to dissolve more solute. In the last beaker, shown in Figure 2.3, the solute solvent has completely dissolved in the liquid solvent. Saturation of … Figure 2.1 shows the start of the process, in which solid solute is beginning to dissolve (represented by red arrows). saturation n. intense bombing of a military target with the aim of destroying it. saturation n. (chemistry) The state of an organic compound that has no… saturation n. (meteorology) The state of the atmosphere when it is saturated… saturation n. (art) The intensity or vividness of a colour. Food labels and advertisements often refer to unsaturated fats and oils. For more information contact us at info@libretexts.org or check out our status page at https://status.libretexts.org. 3. An increase in temperature sees a decrease in the solubility of calcium carbonate. In thermodynamics, the term saturation defines a condition in which a mixture of vapor and liquid can exist together at a given temperature and pressure. It means that the parameter γ in Eq. Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, the webmaster's page for free fun content, Saturates, Aromatics, Resins, and Asphaltenes. An unsaturated solution is more dilute than a saturated solution. Definition of oversaturate. Saturation (chemistry) synonyms, Saturation (chemistry) pronunciation, Saturation (chemistry) translation, English dictionary definition of Saturation (chemistry). A solution with solute that dissolves until it is unable to dissolve anymore, leaving the undissolved substances at the bottom. ‘First, the saturation of the media with images of terrorist atrocity has raised the bar on the level of destruction that will attract headline attention.’ ‘This volume seeks to explore the saturation of visual technologies in our everyday lives, widely seen by theorists as the path to cultural destruction and a dystopian future.’ the condition in which, after a sufficient increase in a causal force, no further increase in the resultant effect is possible; e.g. In essence, a solvent with a high dielectric constant causes the charged particles to behave as if they have been moved farther apart. In the next beaker, shown in Figure 2.2, a large amount of solute has dissolved. Applies to enzymes , and molecules like hemoglobin . Thermogravimetric analysis experiments are conducted to collect the equilibrium data of CO 2 concentration on a silica supported amine sorbent at different CO 2 partial pressures and temperatures (Rezeai et al 2013). Equilibrium between Solid Phases and Aqueous Solution. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. NAmE / / ˌsætʃəˈreɪʃn / / [uncountable] jump to other results. définition (complément) voir la définition de Wikipedia. "The endothermic dissolution of ammonium nitrate (TD)." Educ. In the next beaker, Figure 1.2, much of the solid solute has dissolved, but not completely, because the process of crystallization (represented by blue arrows) has begun. the state of a ferromagnetic material that cannot be further magnetized saturation - the process of totally saturating something with a substance; "the impregnation of wood with preservative"; "the saturation of cotton with ether" impregnation permeation , pervasion , suffusion - the process of permeating or infusing something with a substance Equilibrium between Solid Phases and Aqueous Solution. For an decrease of temperature, solubility decreases which causes an exothermic reactions. Figure 1.1 shows the start of the saturation process, in which the solid solute begins to dissolve (represented by red arrows). Noun . saturation point (n.) 1. Example 2: Next, an unsaturated solution is considered. Publicité dictionnaire analogique chemistry; chemical science [ClasseHyper.] 1. tion (sat. — Angela Mulholland … the … sol., sat. Salt Saturation Test Definition Salt Saturation Test is a test for the precipitation of proteins and their differentiation from other proteins by using the salting-out technique. Such This state is when the solution has reached a point in which no more solute can be added. As nouns the difference between saturation and desaturation is that saturation is the act of saturating or the process of being saturated while desaturation is (chemistry) the conversion of a saturated compound to an unsaturated one by removing hydrogen or other atoms to form a double bond. A comparison of the amounts of unsaturated fats and oils present in different foodstuffs can be made by titrating solutions of samples with aqueous bromine (bromine water), which reacts with the carbon - … Definition of Saturation (chemistry) In chemistry, saturation (from the Latin word saturare, means to fill) has diverse meanings, all based on reaching a maximum capacity. At 25°C, the dielectric constant of water is 80.1, one of the highest known, and that of acetone is only 21.0. Whenever the term "saturation" is used in chemistry, it refers to whether a phenomenon is close to maximum capacity. saturation (usually uncountable, plural saturations) The act of saturating or the process of being saturated The condition in which, after a sufficient increase in a causal force, no further increase in the resultant effect is possible; e.g. In the last picture, Figure 3.3, the solids become a crystallized form which begins to harden. Learn about how saturation levels force change, and why we're lucky they do. This state is when the solution has reached a point in which no more solute can be added. saturation (usually uncountable, plural saturations) The act of saturating or the process of being saturated (physics) The condition in which, after a sufficient increase in a causal force, no further increase in the resultant effect is possible; e.g. Definition of Saturation (chemistry) In chemistry, saturation (from the Latin word saturare, means to fill) has diverse meanings, all based on reaching a maximum capacity. A state of saturation noun from the Oxford Advanced American dictionary saturation noun pressure Effects on the.... @ libretexts.org or check out our status page at https: //status.libretexts.org not saturated is. 25°C, the solids become a crystallized form which begins to dissolve anymore, leaving no remaining substances adsorbed [... 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